Thai Amulet Terminology

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  • Ajahn: Teacher (Pāḷi: ācariya)
  • Apinihan: Supernatural powers (Pāḷi: abhiññā)
  • Arahant: Fully awakened being [literally ‘Noble One’] (Pāḷi)
  • Bai Pho: Bodhi leaf
  • Bhikkhu: Buddhist Monk (Pāḷi)
  • Bia Gae: Magical sea shell
  • Bot: The temple’s main hall where the main Buddha statue is located
  • Bucha: Ceremonial worship; also meaning ‘statue’ (Sanskrit: pūjā)
  • Chang: Elephant
  • Chok Lap: Getting more money, property, riches etc.
  • Chuchok: Jujuka (Sanskrit)
  • Din: Earth soil
  • Dtao: Turtle
  • Eeper: Magical animist effigy
  • GruSecret hiding place (to store amulets)
  • Guman Thong: Golden Kumāra effigy (kumāra in Pāḷi means ‘young boy’)
  • Hong Prai: Magical animist effigy
  • Hongsa: Magical goose (Sanskrit: haṃsa)
  • Hoo Cheam: Welded ring
  • Hoon Pa Yont: Magical animist effigy
  • In Koo: Magical animist effigy
  • Jindamanee: Medicinal herb (Sanskrit: cintāmaṇi)
  • Jing Jok: Lizard
  • Jorakay: Crocodile
  • Kampir Waet: Vedic scriptures
  • Kanlonghin: A type of alloy
  • Kata: Sacred/magical formula, mantra (Sanskrit: ghātā)
  • Kiow: Fang
  • Klaew Klaad: Evasion magic
  • Kleep Bua: Lotus petal
  • Kon: Bottom/base
  • Kong Grapan: Invincibility magic
  • Korb Kru: Annual ceremony in reverence to the Ruesis
  • Kraap Gru: Residue from mould
  • Kradoo: Bone
  • Kru: Teacher/master (Sanskrit: guru)
  • Kruba: Title for a well-respected monk
  • Krut: Garuda
  • Kuti: (Monk’s) hut (Pāḷi)
  • Lek Lai: A legendary type of metal with high magical powers
  • Loha: Iron, Zinc
  • Loi Ongk: Statuette/mini statue
  • Look Om: Ball/round shaped amulet
  • Look Krok: Animist spirit effigy
  • Look Krok Maew: Cat spirit effigy
  • Lor Boran: Old style of molding process
  • Luang Pi: Monk (‘Venerable Brother’)
  • Luang Por: Monk (‘Venerable Uncle’)
  • Luang Pu: Monk (‘Venerable Father’)
  • Luang Ta: Monk (‘Venerable Grandfather’)
  • Luuksit: Student/disciple
  • Mae Takien: Takien tree spirit
  • Maha Amnaj: Magic for commanding great power
  • Maha Sanay: Charming/attraction magic
  • Maha Ud: Gunstopper magic
  • Mai Kru: Teacher’s stick/rod
  • Meed Mor: Magical knife
  • Mekaphat: Titanium
  • Mekhasit: Mercury
  • Metta: Loving-kindness
  • Moo: Pig/wild boar 
  • Muarn Sarn: (amulet’s) content/ingredients
  • Ngang: Animist deity
  • Ngern: Money
  • Nak Prok: Amulet that depicts a saint protected by the Naga King
  • Nam Man Montr: Water bowl
  • Nam Man Prai: Spirit oil
  • Nang: Lady
  • Nang Uma: Uma Devi; Pārvatī
  • Nawa: Mixture of 9 types of alloy metals
  • Nok: Bird
  • Nok Sadayu: Jatāyū
  • Niu: A measurement size of approx. 1 inch in height
  • Nua Lueng: Yellow content
  • Ongkot: Anggada
  • Pae (Maha Sanay): (Charming) Goat effigy
  • Paladkhik: Śiva liṅgaṃ
  • Pan: Tray for offerings
  • Pee: Ghost
  • Pee Seua: Butterfly
  • Pha Yant: Yantra cloth
  • Phong: Powder
  • Phra: Venerable
  • Phra Atit: Lord Āditya; Sūrya
  • Phra Gru: Amulets that have been stored in a secret hiding place
  • Phra Intr: Lord Indra
  • Phra Isworn: Lord Śiva
  • Phra Laks: Lakṣmaṇa
  • Phra Narai: Lord Nārāyaṇa; Viṣṇu
  • Phra Phram: Lord Brahmā
  • Phra Pikanet: Lord Gaṇeśa
  • Phra Ram: Rāma
  • Phra Sangkajjai: Mahākaccāyana Thera (Pāḷi)
  • Phra Saribut: Sāriputta (Pāḷi)
  • Phra Sivali: Sīvalī Thera (Pāḷi)
  • Phra Upakut: Upagupta Thera (Sanskrit)
  • Phra Yom: King Yama (Sanskrit: Yamarāja)
  • Phram: Brahmin (Pāḷi: brāhmaṇa)
  • Phra Tat: Relics
  • Pim Jew: Mini size mold
  • Pim Klaang: Medium size mold
  • Pim Lek: Small size mold
  • Pim Na Lek: Small-face pim
  • Pim Na Yai: Big-face pim
  • Pim Niyom: Popular pim (literally, ‘preferred mold’)
  • Pim Toh: Fat & short mold
  • Pim Yai: Big mold
  • Prai: Spirit
  • Puttanassati: Recollection of the Buddha (Pāḷi: Buddhānussati)
  • Puttaphisek: Ritual consecration ceremony (Pāḷi: Buddhābhiseka)
  • Ramakien: Thai version of Rāmāyaṇa
  • Rattikarn: Owl
  • Rian: Coin or medallion amulet
  • Roi Pee: 100 years
  • Roon Reak: First block or batch
  • Roon Sutai: Last block or batch
  • Roop (Muan): Statuette/mini statue
  • Ruesi: Seer/ Hermit Sage (Sanskrit: ṛṣi)
  • Ruesi Chiwok: Ṛṣi Jīvaka
  • Ruesi Hnaa Suea: Tiger face ruesi
  • Ruesi Narod: Ṛṣi Nārada
  • Sak Yant: Thai temple tattoo art
  • Samlit: Bronze
  • Samnak: (Temple) office
  • Sapya: Wealth, treasures, assets
  • Sayasaat: Occult magic (Sanskrit: saiyasāstra)
  • See Pherm: Wax/balm/cream
  • Singha: Lion (Sanskrit: siṃha)
  • Sok: A measurement size of approx. 30 cm in height
  • Somboon: Abundance
  • Somdej: Royal monk’s title appointed by the King; also meaning a particular type of amulets
  • Suea: Tiger
  • Tae Thong: Pouring molding process (molten metal poured into a mold)
  • Takien: Sacred Tree
  • Takrut: Magical scroll with yantras & mantras
  • Takrut Yao: Long takrut
  • Takua: Lead
  • Tamboon Phapah: Dedication of merit by means of offering donations
  • Tee Gruad Nam: Tool for dedication of merit
  • Tham: Cave
  • Than: Seat (usually referring to seats of loi ongk)
  • Thao: Lord
  • Thao Wessuwan: Vaiśravaṇa Kubera (Pāḷi; Sanskrit)
  • Thep: God/deity (Pāḷi/Sanskrit: deva)
  • Thong Kam: Gold
  • Thong Ngern: Silver
  • Thong Daeng: Copper
  • Thong Leaung: Brass
  • Tokkae: Gecko/Lizard
  • Totsagan: Rāvaṇa
  • Wahn Dok Thong: Magical herb
  • Wai Kru: Annual Master’s ceremony
  • Wat: Temple
  • Wicha: Magical knowledge/skills
  • Wua Tanoo: Magical Ox/Bull
  • Yaks: Yakṣa (Sanskrit)
  • Yant: Geometrical design (Sanskrit: yantra)
  • Yinthong: Magical animist effigy
  • Yoni: Śiva yoni 
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